SNAKE VENOMS
Product ID L1126
Name Macrovipera lebetina obtusa 
Common Name(s) Levantine Viper , West Asian Blunt-nosed Viper
Origin Azerbaijan
Purity >99%
Form Lyophilized powder
Packaging In vacuum sealed glass vials, in secured parcel.
 Packaging and Prices

Packaging Price (€) Quantité Buy Now
100 mg 156.00

add to cart add to cart

500 mg 585.00

add to cart add to cart

1 g 936.00

add to cart add to cart

For quotation of big quantities, please Contact us
 Species Protection Status
CITES None
EU None 
France None 
 Product Technical Documents
Safety Data Sheet Available on request, please Contact us
Ref. SDS_L1126 : unit price : free of charge
 Related Links
See also ITIS : Integrated Taxonomic Information System (http://www.itis.gov)
The Reptile-Database.org (http://www.reptile-database.org)
Search Macrovipera lebetina obtusa with
Search Macrovipera lebetina obtusa with PubMed
Bibliography 1. Akman, B.; M. Z. Yildiz et al. 2018. On the herpetofauna of the East Anatolian Province of Bitlis (Turkey) (Amphibia; Reptilia). Herpetozoa 31 (1/2): 6982
2. Al Oran,R.M., Rostum,S., Joger,U. & Z. Amr. 1998. First record of the Levantine Viper, Macrovipera lebetina, from Jordan. Zoology in the Middle East 16: 65-70
3. Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see http://goo.gl/81SBPv]
4. Arakelyan, Marine S.; Felix D. Danielyan, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, and Alan E. Leviton 2011. The Herpetofauna of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 154 pp. [ISBN: 978-0-916984-84-7.]
5. Arikan, H., Goecmen, B., Kumluta, Y., Alpagut-Keskin, N., Ilgaz, C & Yildiz, M.Z. 2008. Electrophoretic characterisation of the venom samples obtained from various Anatolian snakes (Serpentes: Colubridae, Viperidae, Elapidae). North-Western Journal of Zoology 4 (1): 16-28
6. ARIKAN, HUESEYIN;BAYRAM GOECMEN, AHMET MERMER & HASAN BAHAR 2005. An electrophoretic comparison of the venoms of a colubrid and various viperid snakes from Turkey and Cyprus, with some taxonomic and phylogenetic implications. Zootaxa 1038: 1-10
7. Baier, F.; Sparrow, D.J. & Wiedl, H.J. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Cyprus. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt/M., ca. 370 pp.
8. Billing,H. & Schaetti,B. 1984. Vorlaeufige Mitteilung zum Subspezies-Problem bei Vipera lebetina. Salamandra 20 (2-3): 65-69
9. Bodenheimer, F. S. 1957. Vipera lebetina lebetina Linnaeus 1758 in Palestine. Studies in Biology (Jerusalem) 1, 114-118.
10. Boettger, O. [as O. Boettger] 1880. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien, Palaestina und Cypern. Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., Frankfurt/M., 1879-1880: 132-219
11. Boehme,W. 1987. Nachweis von Vipera lebetina (LINNAEUS 1758) (Serpentes: Viperidae) an der zentralen Suedkueste der Tuerkei. Salamandra 23 (2-3): 173-175
12. Boulenger, G. A. 1888. Second list of reptiles and batrachians from Cyprus. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 2: 505-506
13. Boulenger, G. A. 1913. The snakes of Europe. Methusen & Co. Ltd, London, 151 pp.
14. Boulenger, G.A. 1887. List of reptiles and batrachians from Cyprus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 344-345
15. Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp.
16. Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp.
17. Boulenger, George A. 1891. Catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians of Barbary (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia), based chiefly upon the notes and collections made in 1880-1884 by M. Fernand Lataste. Tr. Zool. Soc. 13: 93-164
18. Chikin, Y.A. & Shcherbak, N.N. 1992. New subspecies of Vipera lebetina chernovi ssp. nov.. (Reptilia, Viperidae) from Middle Asia [in Russian]. Vestnik Zoologii, Kiev 1992 (6): 45-49
19. Clark,R.J. & Clark, E.D. 1973. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Turkey. Occ. Pap. Cal. Acad. Sci. (104): 62 pp.
20. Corkill, N. L. and Cochrane, J. A. 1966. The snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 62 (3): 475-506 (1965)
21. COSKUN, Yueksel; Mahmut COSKUN, Mario SCHWEIGER 2011. New locality records of blunt-nosed viper, Macrovipera lebetina obtusa in central Anatolia, Turkey (Serpentes: Viperidae). Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, Cilt 32 (2): 22-28
22. David, Patrick, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Indraneil Das and Michael Golubev. 1999. Translation of the original description of Vipera obtusa Dwigubsky, 1832 (Serpentes: Viperidae: Viperinae), with designation of a neotype. Russ. J. Herpetol. 6 (3): 193-198
23. Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables
24. Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
25. Disi, Ahmad; Zuhair S. Amr, Nashat Hamidan 2014. Diversity, Threats, and Conservation of the Terrestrial and Freshwater Herpetofauna of Jordan . Russ. J. Herpetol. 21 (3): 221-233
26. Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of AfricaGiftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp.
27. Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
28. Dwigubsky, I.A. 1832. Experience of the natural history of all animals of the Russian Empire, published by the Imperial University of Moscow, Honored Professor, State Counselor and Cavalier Ivan Dvigubsky. With images of animals. T. 4. Gady, or Animals Reptiles. [in Russi Imperial University of Moscow Press, 48 pp.
29. Egan, D. 2007. Snakes of Arabia. Motivate Publishing, Dubai, 208 pp.
30. Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
31. Entzeroth, A. 1989. Ein weiteres Belegexemplar von Vipera lebetina (LINNAEUS 1758) (Serpentes: Viperidae) von der zentralen Suedkueste der Tuerkei. Salamandra 25 (1): 59-61
32. Fathnia, B.; N. Rastegar Pouyani; H. Darvishnia; M. Rajabzadeh 2010. The snake fauna of Ilam Province, southwestern Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 6 (1)
33. Garrigues, Thomas; Catherine Dauga; Elisabeth Ferquel; Valérie Choumet and Anna-Bella Failloux 2005. Molecular phylogeny of Vipera Laurenti, 1768 and the related genera Macrovipera (Reuss, 1927) and Daboia (Gray, 1842), with comments about neurotoxic Vipera aspis aspis populations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution Volume 35 (1): 35-47
34. Goecmen, B.; Arikan, H.; Cicek, K. & Yildiz, Z. 2007. A serological comparison of the populations of the Levantine Viper, Macrovipera lebetina (Linnaeus, 1758) in Cyprus and Southern Turkey. North-Western Journal of Zoology 3 (2): 75-80
35. Gocmen, Bayram; Arikan, Huseyin; Mermer, Ahmet; Langerwerf, Bert; Hahar, Hasan 2006. Morphological, hemipenial and venom electrophoresis comparisons of the Levantine viper, Macrovipera lebetina (Linnaeus, 1758), from Cyprus and Southern Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Zoology 30:225-234
36. Goecmen, Bayram; Mehmet K. Atatuer; Abidin Budak; Hasan Bahar; Mehmet Zuelfue Yildiz; Nursen Alpagut-Keskin 2009. Taxonomic notes on the snakes of Northern Cyprus, with observations on their morphologies and ecologies. Animal Biology 59: 1-30
37. Gruber, U. 2009. Die Schlangen Europas, 2. Aufl. Kosmos Naturfuehrer, 266 pp.
38. Gumprecht, A. & U. Lauten 1997. Zur Fortpflanzung und Haltung der LevanteOtter Macrovipera lebetina lebetina. Sauria 19 (1): 39-43
39. Haas G. and Werner, Y. L. 1969. Lizards and snakes from Southwestern Asia, collected by Henry Field. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138: 327-406.
40. Hellebuyck, Tom 2016. Picture: Milos viper (Macrovipera lebetina). Litteratura Serpentium 36 (3): 110
41. Herrmann, H. W.; Joger,U. & Nilson,G. 1992. Phylogeny and systematics of viperine snakes. III.: Resurrection of the genus Macrovipera (REUSS, 1927) as suggested by biochemical evidence. Amphibia-Reptilia 13: 375-392
42. Herrmann, H. W.; Joger,U.; Lenk,P. & Wink,M. 1999. Morphological and molecular phylogenies of viperines: conflicting evidence?. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 21-30
43. Hoser, R. 2012. A taxonomic revision of the Vipera palaestinae Werner, 1938 species group, with the creation of a new genus and a new subgenus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 11: 53-55
44. Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.A.; Sindaco, R. & Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46
45. Jestrzemski, D., Kuzyakova, I. 2018. Morphometric characteristics and seasonal proximity to water of the Cypriot blunt-nosed viper Macrovipera lebetina lebetina (Linnaeus, 1758). Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases (2018) 24:42
46. Jestrzemski, Daniel 2015. Feldstudie zur zypriotischen Levanteotter (Macrovipera lebetina lebetina). Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (1): 54-57 [2014]
47. Kabisch, K. & Wiedl, H.J. 2009. Zur Levanteotter, Macrovipera lebetina lebetina (LINNAEUS, 1758) auf Zypern. Sauria 30 (4): 29-36 [2008]
48. Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O'Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wuester, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
49. Kamelin, Eugeny R., Yuri A. Lukin, and Konstantin D. Milto 1997. Hybridization of Vipera schweizeri (Werner, 1935) and Vipera lebetina obtusa, Dvigubsky 1832. Russ. J. Herpetol. 4(1):75-78
50. Khan, M.S. 1983. Venomous terrestrial snakes of Pakistan. The Snake 15 (2): 101-105.
51. Khan, M.S. 2002. Die Schlangen Pakistans [English edition as "A Guide to the snakes of Pakistan"]. Edition Chimaira (Frankfurt am Main), 265 pp. [review in HR 34: 400, Russ J Herp 12: 79]
52. Krecsak, Laszlo 2007. An account of the generic and specific names, and type specimens of viperid taxa described by Albert Franz Theodor Reuss (Squamata: Viperidae). Zootaxa 1514: 1-36
53. KUCHARZEWSKI, C 2011. OLD WORLD VIPERS. A natural history of the Azemiopinae and Viperinae von Tony PHELPS - Anmerkungen, Ergaenzungen, Korrekturen. Sauria 33 (3): 19-42
54. Kukushkin, Oleg; Tavakkul Iskenderov, Saxib Axmedov, Sabina Bunyatova and Oleksandr Zinenko. 2012. Additions to the distribution of Vipera eriwanensis (Serpentes: Viperidae) in Transcaucasia, with comments on the identity of vipers in northeastern Azerbaijan. Herpetology Notes 6: 423-427
55. Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Die Vipern Europas. Draco 15 (60): 40-56
56. Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79
57. Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
58. Lescure, J. & Le Garff, B. 2006. L'etymologie des noms d'amphibiens et de reptiles. Belin, Eveil nature, Paris [book review in Bibliotheca Herpetologica 6 (2)]
59. Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 10th Edition: 824 pp.
60. McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Toure,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists' League, 511 pp.
61. Mebert, Konrad; Bayram Goecmen, Nasit Igci, Mehmet Anil Oguz, Mert Karis & Sylvain Ursenbacher 2015. New records and search for contact zones among parapatric vipers in the genus Vipera (barani, kaznakovi, darevskii, eriwanensis), Montivipera (wagneri, raddei), and Macrovipera (lebetina) in northeastern Anatolia Herpetological Bulletin (133)
62. MERMER, Ahmet; Bayram GOECMEN and Kerim CICEK 2012. Extreme cases of colour pattern and size in Levantine Viper, Macrovipera lebetina (L., 1758) from the West of Euphrates Basin (Southern Anatolia, Turkey). BIHAREAN BIOLOGIST 6 (1): 70-71
63. Mertens, R. 1955. Der Typus von Vipera lebetina schweizeri. Senckenbergiana biologica 36: 297-299.
64. Mertens, R., and L. Mueller. 1928. Liste der Amphibien und Reptilian Europas. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft. Frankfurt am Main. 41: 1-62.
65. Moradi, Naeim; Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani 2014. Geographic variation in the morphology of Macrovipera lebetina (Linnaeus, 1758) (Ophidia: Viperidae) in Iran. Acta Herpetologica 9 (2): 187-202
66. Nilson & ANDREN,C. 1988. Vipera lebetina transmediterranea, a new subspecies of viper from North Africa, with remarks on the taxonomy of V. lebetina and V. mauritanica (Reptilia: Viperidae). Bonner Zoologische Beitraege 39: 371-379
67. Nilson, G., Andren, C., & Flaerdh, B. 1988. Die Vipern der Tuerkei. Salamandra 24 (4): 215-247
68. O'Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London,
69. Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
70. Radspieler, C. & Schweiger,M. 1989. Die Levanteotter Daboia (Synonym Vipera) lebetina (LINNAEUS, 1758), Teil 1: Taxonomische und oekologische Betrachtungen. Herpetofauna 11 (62): 29-34
71. Rajabizadeh, M. 2017. Snakes of Iran. [in Farsi] Tehran: Iranshenasi, 496 pp.
72. RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
73. Reuss, T. 1933. Fortsetzung und Schluss der Originalberichte. Nachr. Bl. Aquar. Terrar.-Ver. 1933: 372-373
74. Reuss, T. 1933. No title (Vereinsberichte "Lacerta", Gesellschaft fuer Terrarienkunde, Berlin.). Nachrichtenblatt fuer Aquarien- und Terrarien-Vereine 8: 98- 99
75. Rhadi, Fadhel Aabbas;Rihab Ghaleb Mohammed, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani,Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani, Seyyed Saeed Hosseinian Yousefkhani 2017. On the Snake Fauna of Central and Southern Iraq and Some Zoogeographic Remarks Russ. J. Herpetol. 24 (4): 251-266
76. Sanz, L.; Ayvazyan, N.; Calvete, J.J. 2008. Snake venomics of the Armenian mountain vipers Macrovipera lebetina obtusa and Vipera raddei. Journal of Proteomics 71(2):198-209.
77. Schleich, H.H., Kaestle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
78. Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92
79. Schwarz,E. 1936. Untersuchungen ueber Systematik und Verbreitung der europaeischen und mediterranen Ottern. In: Die europaeischen und mediterranen Ottern und ihre Gifte. Behringwerk-Mitteilungen 7: 159-362
80. Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
81. Shine, Richard;Madsen, Thomas 1994. Sexual dichromatism in snakes of the genus Vipera: A review and a new evolutionary hypothesis. Journal of Herpetology 28 (1): 114-117
82. Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
83. Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
84. Tillack, F. & Kucharzewski, C. 2004. Buchbesprechung: Khan: Die Schlangen Pakistans. Reptilia (Muenster) 9 (45): 92-96
85. Tok, C. V., D. Cihan & D. Ayaz 2002. A new record of Macrovipera lebetina obtusa (Viperidae) from south-eastern Anatolia. Zoology in the Middle East 25: 23
86. Trutnau, L. 1975. Europaische Amphibien und Reptilien. Belser Verlag, Stuttgart 212 pp.
87. Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
88. Wall, F. 1906. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part II. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 299-334
89. Wall,F. 1908. Notes on a collection of snakes from Persia. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 795-805
90. Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
91. Werner, F. 1936. Reptiles from Mount Troodos, Cyprus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1936: 655-658
92. Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007
93. Zwinenberg, A. J. 1979. Biologie en status van de Levantijnse Adden van de Cycladen, Vipera lebetina schweizeri. Lacerta 9: 138-146
Copyright © Werner Strassmann
Macrovipera lebetina obtusa
Taxonomic Classification
  • Class : Reptilia
  • Order : Squamata
  • Suborder : Serpentes
  • Family : Viperidae
  • Subfamily :  Viperinae
  • Genus :  Macrovipera

LOGIN
Welcome, click here to   Login !




Adress:
ZA Les Auréats, 845 Avenue Pierre Brossolette
26800 PORTES lès VALENCE - FRANCE

Phone:
+33 475 419 191

Email:
latoxan[@]latoxan.com

Web link:
www.latoxan.com