Product ID L1128
Name Macrovipera lebetina turanica 
Common Name(s) Turan blunt-nosed viper
Origin Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan
Purity >99%
Form Lyophilized powder
Packaging In vacuum sealed glass vials, in secured parcel.
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100 mg 125.25

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500 mg 469.69

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1 g 751.50

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34. Goecmen, B.; Arikan, H.; Cicek, K. & Yildiz, Z. 2007. A serological comparison of the populations of the Levantine Viper, Macrovipera lebetina (Linnaeus, 1758) in Cyprus and Southern Turkey. North-Western Journal of Zoology 3 (2): 75-80
35. Gocmen, Bayram; Arikan, Huseyin; Mermer, Ahmet; Langerwerf, Bert; Hahar, Hasan 2006. Morphological, hemipenial and venom electrophoresis comparisons of the Levantine viper, Macrovipera lebetina (Linnaeus, 1758), from Cyprus and Southern Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Zoology 30:225-234
36. Goecmen, Bayram; Mehmet K. Atatuer; Abidin Budak; Hasan Bahar; Mehmet Zuelfue Yildiz; Nursen Alpagut-Keskin 2009. Taxonomic notes on the snakes of Northern Cyprus, with observations on their morphologies and ecologies. Animal Biology 59: 1-30
37. Gruber, U. 2009. Die Schlangen Europas, 2. Aufl. Kosmos Naturfuehrer, 266 pp.
38. Gumprecht, A. & U. Lauten 1997. Zur Fortpflanzung und Haltung der LevanteOtter Macrovipera lebetina lebetina. Sauria 19 (1): 39-43
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40. Hellebuyck, Tom 2016. Picture: Milos viper (Macrovipera lebetina). Litteratura Serpentium 36 (3): 110
41. Herrmann, H. W.; Joger,U. & Nilson,G. 1992. Phylogeny and systematics of viperine snakes. III.: Resurrection of the genus Macrovipera (REUSS, 1927) as suggested by biochemical evidence. Amphibia-Reptilia 13: 375-392
42. Herrmann, H. W.; Joger,U.; Lenk,P. & Wink,M. 1999. Morphological and molecular phylogenies of viperines: conflicting evidence?. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 21-30
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45. Jestrzemski, D., Kuzyakova, I. 2018. Morphometric characteristics and seasonal proximity to water of the Cypriot blunt-nosed viper Macrovipera lebetina lebetina (Linnaeus, 1758). Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases (2018) 24:42
46. Jestrzemski, Daniel 2015. Feldstudie zur zypriotischen Levanteotter (Macrovipera lebetina lebetina). Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (1): 54-57 [2014]
47. Kabisch, K. & Wiedl, H.J. 2009. Zur Levanteotter, Macrovipera lebetina lebetina (LINNAEUS, 1758) auf Zypern. Sauria 30 (4): 29-36 [2008]
48. Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O'Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wuester, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
49. Kamelin, Eugeny R., Yuri A. Lukin, and Konstantin D. Milto 1997. Hybridization of Vipera schweizeri (Werner, 1935) and Vipera lebetina obtusa, Dvigubsky 1832. Russ. J. Herpetol. 4(1):75-78
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66. Nilson & ANDREN,C. 1988. Vipera lebetina transmediterranea, a new subspecies of viper from North Africa, with remarks on the taxonomy of V. lebetina and V. mauritanica (Reptilia: Viperidae). Bonner Zoologische Beitraege 39: 371-379
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76. Sanz, L.; Ayvazyan, N.; Calvete, J.J. 2008. Snake venomics of the Armenian mountain vipers Macrovipera lebetina obtusa and Vipera raddei. Journal of Proteomics 71(2):198-209.
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83. Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
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85. Tok, C. V., D. Cihan & D. Ayaz 2002. A new record of Macrovipera lebetina obtusa (Viperidae) from south-eastern Anatolia. Zoology in the Middle East 25: 23
86. Trutnau, L. 1975. Europaische Amphibien und Reptilien. Belser Verlag, Stuttgart 212 pp.
87. Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
88. Wall, F. 1906. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part II. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 299-334
89. Wall,F. 1908. Notes on a collection of snakes from Persia. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 795-805
90. Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
91. Werner, F. 1936. Reptiles from Mount Troodos, Cyprus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1936: 655-658
92. Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007
93. Zwinenberg, A. J. 1979. Biologie en status van de Levantijnse Adden van de Cycladen, Vipera lebetina schweizeri. Lacerta 9: 138-146
Copyright © Dr. Wolfgang Wüster
Macrovipera lebetina turanica
Taxonomic Classification
  • Class : Reptilia
  • Order : Squamata
  • Suborder : Serpentes
  • Family : Viperidae
  • Subfamily :  Viperinae
  • Genus :  Macrovipera

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