SNAKE VENOMS
Product ID L1216
Name Crotalus atrox 
Common Name(s) Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
Origin USA
Purity >99%
Form Lyophilized powder
Packaging In vacuum sealed glass vials, in secured parcel.
 Packaging and Prices

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100 mg 65.00

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500 mg 243.75

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1 g 390.00

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CITES None
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France None 
 Product Technical Documents
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Ref. SDS_L1216 : unit price : free of charge
 Related Links
See also ITIS : Integrated Taxonomic Information System (http://www.itis.gov)
The Reptile-Database.org (http://www.reptile-database.org)
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2. Amaral,A. do 1929. Studies of nearctic ophidia IV. On Crotalus tortugensis VANDENBURGH AND SLEVIN, 1921, Crotalus atrox elegans SCHMIDT, 1922, and Crotalus atrox lucasensis (VANDEBURGH, 1920). Bull. Antivenin Inst. America 2 (4): 85-86
3. Axtell, Ralph W. 1939. AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF THE BLACK GAP WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AREA, BREWSTER COUNTY, TEXAS. Southwestern Naturalist 4 (2): 88-109
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7. Beale, Meghan; Stephane Poulin, Craig Ivanyi, and Gabriel Blouin-Demers 2016. Anthropogenic Disturbance Affects Movement and Increases Concealment in Western Diamondback Rattlesnakes (Crotalus atrox) Journal of Herpetology 50 (2): 216-221
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12. Brattstrom, B. H., J. K. Dieterich, R. Dieterich and M. E. Shipman 2016. Crotalus atrox (Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake) reproduction. Herpetological Review 47(3): 476-477.
13. Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336
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17. Chiszar, David; Adam Walters, and Hobart M Smith 2008. Rattlesnake Preference for Envenomated Prey: Species Specificity. Journal of Herpetology 42 (4): 764
18. Clark RW, Schuett GW, Repp RA, Amarello M, Smith CF, et al. 2014. Mating Systems, Reproductive Success, and Sexual Selection in Secretive Species: A Case Study of the Western Diamond-Backed Rattlesnake, Crotalus atrox. PLoS One 9 (3): e90616. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0090616
19. Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
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21. Cunningham, John D. 1966. Field Observations on the Thermal Relations of Rattlesnakes. Southwestern Naturalist 11 (1): 140-142
22. Davis DR, LaDuc TJ 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of C. E. Miller Ranch and the Sierra Vieja, Chihuahuan Desert, Texas, USA ZooKeys 735: 97-130
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25. Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
26. Dumeril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMERIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpetologie generale ou histoire naturelle complete des reptiles. Tome septieme. Deuxieme partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536
27. Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yecora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926
28. FLESCH, AARON D.; DON E. SWANN, DALE S. TURNER, AND BRIAN F. POWELL 2010. HERPETOFAUNA OF THE RINCON MOUNTAINS, ARIZONA. Southwestern Naturalist 55(2):240-253
29. GARCIA-PADILLA, ELI; JORGE H. VALDEZ VILLAVICENCIO, ANNY PERALTA GARCIA 2018. Las Serpientes de Cascabel mas alla del continente Especies
30. Hathcock, Charles D. and Giermakowski, J. Tomas 2017. Geographic Distribution: Crotalus atrox (Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake) Herpetological Review 48 (1): 127-128
31. Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
32. Hernandez T, Herr MW, Stevens S, Cork K, Medina-Nava C, Vialpando CJ, Warfel T, Fields N, Brodie C, Graham SP 2019. New distribution records for amphibians and reptiles in eastern Chihuahua, Mexico. Check List 15(1): 79-86
33. Hibbitts, Toby J. and Connor S. Adams. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Crotalus atrox (western diamond-backed rattlesnake). Herpetological Review 46 (2): 219
34. Hornung, Kelsey. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Crotalus atrox (western diamond-backed rattlesnake). Herpetological Review 46 (1): 61
35. Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 3: 1-21
36. Irwin, Kelly J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game & Fish Commission, Little Rock, 50 pp.
37. Jones, Thomas R.; Randall D. Babb, Frank R. Hensley, Christine LiWanPo, and Brian K. Sullivan 2011. Sonoran Desert Snake Communities at Two Sites: Concordance and Effects of Increased Road Traffic. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (1): 61-71
38. Klauber, Laurence M. 1930. Differential characteristics of Southwestern rattlesnakes allied to Crotalus atrox. Bulletins of the Zoological Society of San Diego (6): 1-74
39. Klauber, Laurence M. 1952. Taxonomic studies on rattlesnakes of Mainland Mexico. Bulletins of the Zoological Society of San Diego (26): 1-143
40. Klauber, Laurence M. 1952. Proposed use of the plenary powers to preserve for the Western Diamond Rattlesnake the trivial name "atrox" Baird & Girard, 1853 (as published in the combination "Crotalus atrox") by suppressing the trivial name "cinereous" Le Conte in Hallowell, 185 Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 6: 234-238
41. Klauber, Lawrence M. 1943. The correlation of variability within and between rattlesnake populations. Copeia 1943 (2): 115-118
42. Kornacker, P.M. & U. Dederichs 2009. Der Big-Bend-Nationalpark und seine Reptilien. Teil 2: Schlangen. Reptilia (Muenster) 14 (75): 51-57
43. Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
44. Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2016. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico, with comparison with adjoining states. ZooKeys 593: 117-137, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.593.8484
45. Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosi. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
46. Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642
47. Loughran, Caleb L; Erika M Nowak, Justin Schofer, Keith O Sullivan, and Brian K Sullivan 2013. Lagomorphs As Prey of Western Diamond-Backed Rattlesnakes (Crotalus atrox) In Arizona. Southwestern Naturalist Dec 2013, Vol. 58, No. 4: 502-505.
48. Love, B. 2013. Der weisse Zauber. Reptilia (Muenster) 18 (104): 76-77
49. Mata-Silva, Vicente and Jerry D. Johnson. 2014. Crotalus atrox (western diamond-backed rattlesnake) rain harvesting behavior. Herpetological Review 45 (3): 514-515
50. Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Eli Garcia-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6-62
51. Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Ross Couvillon, William D. Lukefahr and Arturo Rocha. 2011. Crotalus atrox (western diamond-backed rattlesnake) diet. Herpetological Review 42 (3): 438-439
52. Mccrady, W.B.; Murphy, J.B.; Garrett, C.M.;Roberts, D.T. 1994. Scale Variation in a Laboratory Colony of Amelanistic Diamondback Rattlesnakes (Crotalus atrox). Zoo Biology 13 (2): 95-106
53. McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Toure,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists' League, 511 pp.
54. Meik, J.M.; Fontenot, B.E.; Franklin, C.J. & King, C. 2008. APPARENT NATURAL HYBRIDIZATION BETWEEN THE RATTLESNAKES CROTALUS ATROX AND C. HORRIDUS. Southwestern Naturalist 53(2):196-200
55. Meik, Jesse M and Andre Pires-da Silva 2009. Evolutionary morphology of the rattlesnake style. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:35
56. Meik, Jesse M. and Gordon W. Schuett 2016. Structure, Ontogeny, and Evolutionary Development of the Rattlesnake Rattle
57. Montgomery, William B., Gordon W. Schuett, Marlis R. Douglas and Michael E. Douglas. 2013. Crotalus atrox x Crotalus horridus (western diamond-backed rattlesnake x timber rattlesnake) natural hybrid. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 689
58. Moon, B.R. & Ivanyi, C.S. & Johnson, J. 2004. Identifying individual rattlesnakes using tail pattern variation. Herpetological Review 35 (2): 154-156
59. Murphy, James B.;Joy, John E, Jr.;Shadduck, John A. 1976. Colonic torsion in a western diamondback rattlesnake, Crotalus atrox. Journal of Herpetology 9 (2): 248
60. Murphy, James B.;Rehg, Jerold E.;Maderson, Paul F. A.; McCrady, William B. 1987. Scutellation and pigmentation defects in a laboratory colony of western diamondback rattlesnakes (Crotalus atrox): Mode of inheritance. Herpetologica 43 (3): 292-300
61. Myers, Edward A. 2015. Crotalus atrox (western diamond-backed rattlesnake) diet / attempted cannibalism and scavenging. Herpetological Review 46 (2): 268
62. Nevarez-de los Reyes; Manuel, David Lazcano, Javier Banda-Leal and Ian Recchio 2014. Notes on Mexican Herpetofauna 22: Herpetofauna of the Continental Portion of the Municipality of Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 49(8):105-115
63. Nevarez-de-los-Reyes, Manuel, David Lazcano, Eli Garcia-Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The Herpetofauna of Nuevo Leon, Mexico: Composition, Distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 558-638
64. O'Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London,
65. Painter, Charles W. 1998. Geographic distribution. Crotalus atrox. Herpetological Review 29 (4): 249
66. Painter, Charles W.;Fitzgerald, Lee A.;Heinrich, Mark L. 1999. Crotalus atrox (Western Diamondback Rattlesnake). Morphology. Herpetological Review 30 (1): 44
67. Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586
68. Pezzano, V. 1987. Crotalus atrox (Baird & Girard, 1853) in the terrarium. Litteratura Serpentium 7 (3): 114-119
69. Place, Aaron J. and Charles I. Abramson. 2008. Habituation of the Rattle Response in Western Diamondback Rattlesnakes, Crotalus atrox. Copeia 2008 (4): 835-843
70. Quintero-Diaz, Gustavo Ernesto; Ruben Alonso Carbajal Marquez 2017. The Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake, Crotalus atrox Baird & Girard, 1853, (Squamata: Viperidae): a new state record for Aguascalientes, Mexico. Herpetology Notes 10: 251-253
71. Reiserer, Randall S. and Gordon W. Schuett 2016. The Origin and Evolution of the Rattlesnake Rattle: Misdirection, Clarification, Theory, and Progress
72. Repp, R., and G.W. Schuett. 2003. Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox). Herpetofauna of the 100 Mile Circle. Sonoran Herpetologist 16 (1):8.
73. Reynolds, R.P. & Scott Jr., N.J. 1982. Use of a Mammalian Resource by a Chihuahuan Snake Community. In: Scott, N.J. (ed.) Herpetological communities [an SSAR symposium]. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildl. Res. Rep. 13: 99-118
74. Ricardez, V; 2019. Geographic Distribution: Crotalus atrox (Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake) USA: Texas: Ellis Co. Herpetological Review 50 (1): 105
75. Rorabaugh, J.C. 2011. Phainopepla and Black-headed Grosbeak in the diet of the Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) in Arizona. Sonoran Herpetologist 24 (11):115-116.
76. Rorabaugh, J.C. 2012. Mourning Dove in the diet of the Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) in Arizona. Sonoran Herpetologist 25 (9):88-89.
77. Rosen, Philip C. 2016. Crotalus atrox (Western Diamondback Rattlesnake) and Lampropeltis californiae (California Kingsnake) Direct competition. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 144
78. Savitzky, Alan H. and Brad R. Moon 2008. Tail Morphology in the Western Diamond-Backed Rattlesnake, Crotalus atrox. Journal of Morphology 269: 935-944
79. Say, T. 1822. In James, E. Account of an expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the years 1819 20, by order of the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, under the command of Major Stephen H. Long. Vol. 2. Philadelphia, H. C. Carey & I. Lea. [1823]
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81. Schmidt, D. 2004. Nordamerikas Koenig der Klapperschlangen, Crotalus atrox. Reptilia (Muenster) 9 (46): 74-79
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94. Teran-Juarez, Sergio A., Eli Garcia Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43-113
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97. Trecul, M.A. 1876. On the capture of rattlesnakes, and on the association of these serpents with a small owl and a little marmot. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 18: 439
98. Turnipseed, Glyn 1993. Crotalus atrox (Western diamondback rattlesnake). USA: Arkansas. Herpetological Review 24 (4): 155
99. VALENCIA-HERNANDEZ, Angel Alberto; Irene GOYENECHEA & Jesus Martin CASTILLO-CERON 2007. NOTES ON SCUTELLATION, LENGTH, AND DISTRIBUTION OF RATTLESNAKES (SERPENTES: VIPERIDADE: CROTALUS) IN THE STATE OF HIDALGO, MEXICO. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 23 (3):29-33
100. Van Denburgh, J.; Slevin, J. R. 1921. Preliminary diagnoses of more new species of reptiles from islands in the gulf of California, Mexico. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 11 (17): 395-398
101. Van Denburgh,J. 1895. A review of the herpetology of Lower California. Part IReptiles. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (2) 5: 77-163
102. Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
103. Werler, John E. & James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
104. Winchell, S. 2007. Klapperschlangen! Die Gattung Crotalus. Reptilia (Muenster) 12 (66): 18-25
105. Wuester, W. & Bernils, R.S. 2011. On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). ZOOLOGIA 28 (4): 417-419
106. Yancey, Franklin D. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Crotalus atrox. Herpetological Review 27 (3): 154
Copyright © Dr. Wolfgang Wüster
Copyright © Mario Lutz
Crotalus atrox
Taxonomic Classification
  • Class : Reptilia
  • Order : Squamata
  • Suborder : Serpentes
  • Family : Viperidae
  • Subfamily :  Crotalinae
  • Genus :  Crotalus

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