SNAKE VENOMS
Product ID L1221
Name Crotalus horridus horridus 
Common Name(s) Timber Rattlesnake
Origin USA
Purity >99%
Form Lyophilized powder
Packaging In vacuum sealed glass vials, in secured parcel.
 Packaging and Prices

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100 mg 65.00

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500 mg 243.75

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1 g 390.00

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 Species Protection Status
CITES None
EU None 
France None 
 Product Technical Documents
Safety Data Sheet Available on request, please Contact us
Ref. SDS_L1221 : unit price : free of charge
 Related Links
See also ITIS : Integrated Taxonomic Information System (http://www.itis.gov)
The Reptile-Database.org (http://www.reptile-database.org)
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Bibliography 1. Allen, E. Ross 1949. Range of cane-brake rattlesnake in Florida. Copeia 1949 (1): 73-74
2. Allsteadt, J., A. H. Savitzky, C. E. Petersen, and D. N. Naik 2006. Geographic variation in the morphology of Crotalus horridus (Serpentes: Viperidae). Herpetological Monographs 20:1-63.
3. Anderson, Corey Devin 2015. Variation in male movement paths during the mating season exhibited by the Timber Rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) in St. Louis County, Missouri Herpetology Notes 8: 267-274
4. Anderson, Corey Devin and Michael S. Rosenberg 2011. Variation in Association with Anthropogenic Habitat Edges Exhibited by the Timber Rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) in St. Louis County, Missouri. Journal of Herpetology 45 (1): 50-55.
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11. Braswell, A.L.; Palmer, W.M. & Beane, J.C. 2003. Venomous Snakes of North Carolina. North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, 31 pp.
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16. Brown, William S. and Simon, Matthew G. 2017. Crotalus horridus (Timber Rattlesnake) Gut obstruction Herpetological Review 48 (1): 208-209
17. Brown, William S. B 2016. Lifetime Reproduction in a Northern Metapopulation of Timber Rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus) Herpetologica, Vol. 72, No. 4, December 2016: 331-342.
18. Bushar, Lauretta M.; Christyn Cecille B. Aborde, Sisi Gao, Maria V. Gonzalez, Jessica A. Hoffman, Inna K. Massaro, Alan H. Savitzky, and Howard K. Reinert 2014. Genetic Structure of Timber Rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) Populations: Physiographic Influences and Conservation Implications. Copeia Dec 2014, Vol. 2014, No. 4: 694-706.
19. Bushar, Lauretta M.; Neha Bhatt, Melissa Costa Dunlop, Christina Schocklin, Megan A. Malloy, and Howard K. Reinert 2015. Population Isolation and Genetic Subdivision of Timber Rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus) in the New Jersey Pine Barrens Herpetologica Sep 2015, Vol. 71, No. 3: 203-211.
20. Bushar, Lauretta M.;Reinert, Howard K.;Gelbert, Larry 1998. Genetic variation and gene flow within and between local populations of the Timber Rattlesnake, Crotalus horridus. Copeia 1998 (2): 411-422
21. Case, Denis, Apanius, Margarita and Wynn, Doug 2017. Crotalus horridus (Timber Rattlesnake) Behavior Herpetological Review 48 (1): 208
22. Clark, R.W.; Brown, W.S.; STechert, R. & Zamudio, K.R. 2008. Integrating individual behaviour and landscape genetics: the population structure of timber rattlesnake hibernacula. Molecular Ecology 17: 719-730
23. Cochran, Philip A. 2014. Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake) coloration. Herpetological Review 45 (4): 707-708
24. Cochran, Philip A. 2015. Shedding aggregations of Timber Rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus). Collinsorum 3 (2-4): 14-16
25. Cochran, Philip A. and Stephen J. Schmitt. 2014. Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake) diel activity. Herpetological Review 45 (4): 708-709
26. Collins J T; Knight J L 1980. Crotalus horridus Linnaeus. Timber rattlesnake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 253: 1-2
27. Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2009. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 2nd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
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29. Colvin, Robert and Jake Yoes. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake). Herpetological Review 45 (2): 285
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31. Conant,R. 1978. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
32. Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
33. Connior, Matthew B. 2014. Geographical Distribution: Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake). Herpetological Review 45 (4): 663
34. Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
35. Dawson, Jeffrey E. and Roger D. Birkhead. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake). Herpetological Review 46 (1): 62
36. Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
37. Dumeril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMERIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpetologie generale ou histoire naturelle complete des reptiles. Tome septieme. Deuxieme partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536
38. Dundee, Harold A. 1994. Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake). USA: Louisiana. Herpetological Review 25 (1): 33-34
39. Dundee, Harold A. 1994. Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake). Coloration. Herpetological Review 25 (1): 28
40. Elmberg, J. 1980. Herpetological observations 77-78 [in Vernon county, Wisconsin]. Faeltbiologerna Umea.
41. Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
42. Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America. George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
43. Fitch, H.S. & Pisani, G.R. 2006. The timber Rattlesnake in Northeastern Kansas. Journal of Kansas Herpetology 19: 11-15
44. Garcia,E. 1896. Los Ofidios Venenosos del Cauca. Metodos empíricos y racionales empleados contra los accidentes producidos por la mordedura de esos reptiles. Cali: Libreria Colombiana, xv + 102 pp.
45. Gibbons, J. W. 1972. Reproduction, growth, and sexual dimorphism in the canebrake rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus atricaudatus). Copeia 1972 (2): 222-226.
46. Gibbs, H.L. & Weatherhead, P.J. 2001. Insights into population ecology and sexual selection in snakes through the application of DNA-based genetic markers. Journal of Heredity 92 (2): 173-179
47. Gloyd, Howard K. 1935. The cane-brake rattlesnake. Copeia 1935 (4): 175-178
48. Green, N.B., & Pauley, T.K. 1987. Amphibians and reptiles in West Virginia. Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, 241 pp.
49. Guyer, Craig; Mark A. Bailey, and Robert H. Mount 2018. Lizards and snakes of Alabama. University of Alabama Press
50. Halliwell, B., Uller, T., Holland, B. R., & While, G. M. 2017. Live bearing promotes the evolution of sociality in reptiles. Nature Communications, 8(1): 2030
51. Hammerstein, Greg, David A. Steen and Dirk J. Stevenson. 2015. Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake) diet. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 640-641
52. Hoekstra, Alyssa A. and Christopher A. F. Howey. 2016. Crotalus horridus (Timber Rattlesnake) Reproductive / Combat behavior. Herpetological Review 47 (2): 309
53. Hollingsworth, Alan and Howard K. Reinert. 2015. Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake) coloration, patter, exophthalmia, and enophthalmia. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 444-445
54. Holt, Brian D. and Tidwell, Keith 2017. Geographic Distribution: Crotalus horridus (Timber Rattlesnake) Herpetological Review 48 (1): 128
55. Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 3: 1-21
56. Howey, C. A. F. and Maisch, Z. 2017. Defense of a female hotspot by a male Timber Rattlesnake Herpetological Review 48 (1): 16-19
57. Howze, Jennifer M.; Kevin M. Stohlgren, Elizabeth M. Schlimm, and Lora L. Smith 2012. Dispersal of Neonate Timber Rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus) in the Southeastern Coastal Plain. Journal of Herpetology 46 (3): 417-422.
58. Hromada, S. J., et al. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Crotalus horridus (Timber Rattlesnake). Herpetological Review 48 (2): 391
59. Hudson, Bryan D., Zach I. Felix, Justin Oguni, Brad Wilson, Kira McEntire, Theresa Stratmann, Daniel D. Duff and Zack Seymour. 2015. New geographic distributional records of amphbians and reptiles in Georgia, USA. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 595-596
60. Irwin, Kelly J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game & Fish Commission, Little Rock, 50 pp.
61. Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
62. Jensen, John B.;Mansell, Barry W.;Moler, Paul E. 1994. Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake). USA: Florida. Herpetological Review 25 (4): 166
63. Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O'Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wuester, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
64. Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
65. Le Conte, J. 1852. Observations on the s-called Crotalus horridus and C. adamanteus of modern authors. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1852: 415-419
66. Leenders, T. 2003. Die Herpetofauna von Neuenglandganz privat. Reptilia (Muenster) 8 (42): 43-40
67. Lillywhite, Harvey B. 2014. How Snakes Work: Structure, Function and Behavior of the World's Snakes. Oxford University Press, New York, 256 pp
68. Lind, Craig M.; Brenda Flack, Douglas D. Rhoads, and Steven J. Beaupre 2016. The Mating System and Reproductive Life History of Female Timber Rattlesnakes in Northwestern Arkansas Copeia 104 (2): 518-528
69. Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 10th Edition: 824 pp.
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71. Love, B. 2007. Eine Landpartie. Reptilia (Muenster) 12 (65): 14-15
72. McAllister, Chris T. 2013. Geographic Distribution: Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake). Herpetological Review 44 (4): 628
73. McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Toure,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists' League, 511 pp.
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75. Meik, Jesse M and Andre Pires-daSilva 2009. Evolutionary morphology of the rattlesnake style. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:35
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77. Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp.
78. Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
79. Muelleman, P.J., Da Cunha, O. & Montgomery, C.E. 2017. Crotalus horridus (Timber Rattlesnake) Reproduction. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 858
80. Murphy, C.M., Howze, J.M., Knapp, D.D., Smith, L.L. & Hoss, S.K. 2018. Crotalus horridus (Timber Rattlesnake) Hibernation behavior. Herpetological Review 49 (1): 127.
81. Nordberg, Eric J. and Vincent A. Cobb 2016. Midwinter Emergence in Hibernating Timber Rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus) Journal of Herpetology 50 (2): 203-208
82. Nordberg, Eric J. and Vincent A. Cobb 2017. Body Temperatures and Winter Activity in Overwintering Timber Rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus) in Tennessee, USA Herpetological Conservation and Biology 12 (3)
83. Olson, Zachary H.; Brian J. MacGowan, Matthew T. Hamilton, Andrea F.T. Currylow, and Rod N. Williams 2015. Survival of Timber Rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus): Investigating Individual, Environmental, and Ecological Effects Herpetologica Dec 2015, Vol. 71, No. 4: 274-279.
84. O'Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London,
85. Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
86. Pisani, George R.;Collins, Joseph T.;Edwards, Stephen R. 1972. A re-evaluation of the subspecies of Crotalus horridus. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 75 (3): 255-263
87. Pitts, Steven L. 2015. Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake), Agkistrodon contortrix (copperhead), Thamnophis sirtalis (common gartersnake), Nerodia sipedon (northern watersnake), Diadophis punctatus (ring-necked snake), Storeria dekayi (Dekay's brownsnake) aggregation. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 641
88. Purser, P.A. 2005. Crotalus horridus: the ghosts of a vanishing race. Reptilia (GB) (39): 56-61
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92. Reinert, Howard K.; Howard K. Reinert, Gylla A. MacGregor, Lauretta M. Bushar, and Robert T. Zappalorti 2011. Foraging Ecology of Timber Rattlesnakes, Crotalus horridus. Copeia 2011 (3): 430-442.
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95. Skubowius, Bernd 2009. Kleine vergleichende Oekologie der Waldklapperschlangen Crotalus horridus (Linnaeus, 1758) anhand zweier disjunkter Populationen in New Jersey/USA. Ophidia 3 (2)
96. Smith, Christopher E., Jaime Edwards and Jeffrey M. Lorch. 2013. Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake) fungal pathogens. Herpetological Review 44 (3): 519-520
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102. Thawley, Christopher J., Gail L. McCormick and Sean P. Graham. 2013. Geographic Distribution: Crotalus horridus (timber rattlesnake). Herpetological Review 44 (4): 628
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104. Waldron, J.L.; Lanham, J.D. & Bennett, S.H. 2006. Using behaiorally-based seasons to investigate canebrake rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) movement patterns and habitat selection. Herpetologica 62 (4): 389-397
105. Wall, F. 1906. The snake and its natural foes. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 375-396
106. Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
107. Walley, Harlan D. 1963. The rattlesnake, Crotalus horridus horridus, in north-central Illinois. Herpetologica 19 (3): 216
108. Walley, Harlan D. 1972. Rattlesnakes in Illinois. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 6 (2): 21-24
109. Werler, John E. & James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
110. Winchell, S. 2007. Klapperschlangen! Die Gattung Crotalus. Reptilia (Muenster) 12 (66): 18-25
111. Wirth, Michael W 2013. Alle Jahre wieder - Oekologie der Ueberwinterung von Amphibien und Reptilien. Draco 14 (55): 6-25
112. Wittenberg, Rod D. 2012. Foraging Ecology of the Timber Rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) in a Fragmented Agricultural Landscape. Herp. Cons. Biology 7 (3):
113. Wittenberg, Rod D. and Steven J. Beaupre 2014. Growth of Timber Rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus) in an Agriculturally Fragmented and a Contiguously Forested Habitat. Herpetologica Jun 2014, Vol. 70, No. 2: 171-183.
114. Wuester, W. & Bernils, R.S. 2011. On the generic classification of the rattlesnakes, with special reference to the Neotropical Crotalus durissus complex (Squamata: Viperidae). ZOOLOGIA 28 (4): 417-419
115. Zachary John Marcou 2018. Delineating Metrics of Diversity for a Snake Community in a Rare Ecosystem MSc Thesis, Stephen F. Austin State University
Copyright © John White
Copyright © Dr. Wolfgang Wüster
Crotalus horridus horridus
Taxonomic Classification
  • Class : Reptilia
  • Order : Squamata
  • Suborder : Serpentes
  • Family : Viperidae
  • Subfamily :  Crotalinae
  • Genus :  Crotalus

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