Product ID L1130
Name Montivipera raddei 
Common Name(s) Armenian Viper
Origin Turkey
Purity >99%
Form Lyophilized powder
Packaging In vacuum sealed glass vials, in secured parcel.
 Packaging and Prices

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100 mg 186.00

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500 mg 697.50

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1 g 1 116.00

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 Species Protection Status
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France None 
 Product Technical Documents
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Bibliography 1. Arakelyan, Marine S.; Felix D. Danielyan, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, and Alan E. Leviton 2011. The Herpetofauna of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 154 pp. [ISBN: 978-0-916984-84-7.]
2. Behrooz, Roozbeh; Mohammad Kaboli, Veronique Arnal, Masoud Nazarizadeh, Atefeh Asadi, Amin Salmanian, Mohsen Ahmadi, Claudine Montgelard; 2018. Conservation Below The Species Level: Suitable Evolutionarily Significant Units Among Mountain Vipers (The Montivipera Raddei Complex) in Iran Journal of Heredity, esy005,
3. Beolens, ; Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA
4. Boettger, O. 1890. Eine neue Viper aus Armenien. Zool. Anz. 13: 62-64
5. Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
6. Ettling, Jeff; Aram Aghasyan, Levon Aghasyan 2012. Envenomation by an Armenian Viper, Montivipera raddei (Boettger, 1890): A Case History. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (3): 203-206
7. Ettling, Jeffery A. and Patricia G. Parker 2017. Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Armenian Vipers, Montivipera raddei, in Two Landscapes: Implications for Conservation Herpetological Conservation and Biology 12 (2)
8. Ettling, Jeffery A.; Levon A. Aghasyan, Aram L. Aghasyan, and Patricia G. Parker 2013. Spatial Ecology of Armenian Vipers, Montivipera raddei, in a Human-Modified Landscape. Copeia Mar 2013, Vol. 2013, No. 1: 64-71.
9. Ettling, Jeffery A.; Levon A. Aghasyan, Aram L. Aghasyan, Patricia G. Parker 2016. Spatial Ecology of Armenian Vipers, Montivipera raddei, in Two Different Landscapes: Human-Modified vs. Recovered-Natural Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (2): 93-102
10. Franzen,M. & Sigg, H. 1989. Bemerkungen zu einigen Schlangen Ostanatoliens. Salamandra 25 (3-4): 203-212
11. Garrigues, Thomas; Catherine Dauga; Elisabeth Ferquel; Valerie Choumet and Anna-Bella Failloux 2005. Molecular phylogeny of Vipera Laurenti, 1768 and the related genera Macrovipera (Reuss, 1927) and Daboia (Gray, 1842), with comments about neurotoxic Vipera aspis aspis populations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution Volume 35 (1): 35-47
12. Gruber, U. 2009. Die Schlangen Europas, 2. Aufl. Kosmos Naturfuehrer, 266 pp.
13. Joger,U. & M. Meder. 1997. Taxonomic Resolution of the Vipera xanthina Complex. In: Herpetology '97, Abstracts of the Third World Congress of Herpetology 2-10 August 1997 Prague, Czech Republic, Rocek,Z. & S. Hart (eds.), 244 p.:106.
14. KUCHARZEWSKI, C 2011. OLD WORLD VIPERS. A natural history of the Azemiopinae and Viperinae von Tony PHELPS Anmerkungen, Ergaenzungen, Korrekturen. Sauria 33 (3): 19-42
15. Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
16. Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
17. McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Toure,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists' League, 511 pp.
18. Mebert, Konrad; Bayram Goecmen, Mert Karis, Nasit Igci, and Sylvain Ursenbacher 2016. The Valley of Four Viper Species and a Highland of Dwarfs: Fieldwork on Threatened Vipers in Northeastern Turkey IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 23 (1): 1-9
19. Mebert, Konrad; Bayram Goecmen, Nasit Igci, Mehmet Anil Oguz, Mert Karis & Sylvain Ursenbacher 2015. New records and search for contact zones among parapatric vipers in the genus Vipera (barani, kaznakovi, darevskii, eriwanensis), Montivipera (wagneri, raddei), and Macrovipera (lebetina) in north-eastern Anatolia Herpetological Bulletin (133)
20. Mertens, R. 1952. Tuerkiye amfibi ve reptilleri hakkinda. Amphibien und Reptilien aus der Tuerkei. Rev. Istanbul UEniversitesi fen Fakueltesi Mecmuasi, 17:41-75.
21. Mertens,R., Darevsky,I.S. & K. Klemmer. 1967. Vipera latifii, eine neue Giftschlange aus dem Iran. Senckenbergiana biologica 48 (3): 161-168.
22. Nikolsky, A. M. 1916. Faune de la Russie, Reptiles Vol. 2, Ophidia. Petrograd, 396 pp. [English translation by A. Mercado, Israel and Smithsonian Institution, 247 pp.]
23. Nilson G; Andren C 1985. Systematics of the Vipera xanthina complex (Reptilia: Viperidae). 1. A new Iranian viper in the raddei species-group. Amphibia-Reptilia 6 (2): 207-214
24. Nilson G; Andren C 1986. The mountain vipers of the Middle Eastthe Vipera xanthina complex (Reptilia: Viperidae). Bonn. Zool. Monogr. 20: 1-90
25. Nilson, G., Andren, C., & Flaerdh, B. 1988. Die Vipern der Tuerkei. Salamandra 24 (4): 215-247
26. Nilson,G.; TUNIYEV,B.; ANDREN,C.; ORLOV,N.; JOGER,U. & HERRMANN,H. W. 1999. Taxonomic position of the Vipera xanthina complex. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 99-102
27. O'Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London,
28. Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
29. Rajabizadeh, M. 2017. Snakes of Iran. [in Farsi] Tehran: Iranshenasi, 496 pp.
30. Rajabizadeh, Mahdi; Dominique Adriaens, Mohammad Kaboli, Jaleh Sarafraz, Mohsen Ahmadi 2015. Dorsal colour pattern variation in Eurasian mountain vipers (genus Montivipera): A trade-off between thermoregulation and crypsis. Zoologischer Anzeiger 257: 1-9; doi:10.1016/j.jcz.2015.03.006
31. Rajabizadeh, Mehdi; Goran Nilson, and Haji Gholi Kami 2011. A New Species of Mountain Viper (Ophidia: Viperidae) from the Central Zagros Mountains, Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 18 (3): 235-240
32. RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
33. Safdarian, Parvaneh; Fatemeh Todehdehghanb, Vida Hojatia & Abdolhossein Shiravi 2016. Seasonal changes in the testicular activity of the Iranian Mountain Viper, Montivipera albicornuta (Nilson & Andren, 1985) (Reptilia: Viperidae) Zoology in the Middle East 62 (1): 39-45
34. Sanz, L.; Ayvazyan, N.; Calvete, J.J. 2008. Snake venomics of the Armenian mountain vipers Macrovipera lebetina obtusa and Vipera raddei. Journal of Proteomics 71(2):198-209.
35. Schmidt, D. & Kunz, K. 2005. Ernaehrung von Schlangen. Natur und Tier Verlag, Muenster, 159 pp.
36. Schwarz,E. 1936. Untersuchungen ueber Systematik und Verbreitung der europaeischen und mediterranen Ottern. In: Die europaeischen und mediterranen Ottern und ihre Gifte. Behringwerk-Mitteilungen 7: 159-362
37. Sigg, H. 1987. Ein erster Fund von Vipera raddei kurdistanica in der Suedosttuerkei. Herpetofauna 9 (48): 24-26
38. Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
39. Strauch, A. 1869. Synopsis der Viperiden nebst Bemerkungen ueber die geographische Verbreitung dieser Giftschlangen-Familie. Mem. Acad. imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg (7) 14 (6): 1-144
40. Stuempel, Nikolaus; Mehdi Rajabizadeh, Aziz Avci, Wolfgang Wuuester, Ulrich Joger 2016. Phylogeny and diversification of mountain vipers (Montivipera, Nilson et al. 2001) triggered by multiple Plio-Pleistocene refugia and high-mountain topography in the Near and Middle East Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.04.025
41. Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
42. Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams, Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
43. Werning, H. & Wolf, C. 2007. Gebirge und Hochland Reptilien und Amphibien in einem extremen Lebensraum. Draco 7 (27): 4-27
Copyright © Dr. Wolfgang Wüster
Copyright © Kert Lipponen
Montivipera raddei
Taxonomic Classification
  • Class : Reptilia
  • Order : Squamata
  • Suborder : Serpentes
  • Family : Viperidae
  • Subfamily :  Viperinae
  • Genus :  Vipera

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