SNAKE VENOMS
Product ID L1142
Name Bitis caudalis 
Common Name(s) Horned Adder
Origin South Africa
Purity >99%
Form Lyophilized powder
Packaging In vacuum sealed glass vials, in secured parcel.
 Packaging and Prices

Packaging Price (€) Quantité Buy Now
100 mg 600.00

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500 mg 2 250.00

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1 g 3 600.00

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For quotation of big quantities, please Contact us
 Species Protection Status
CITES None
EU None 
France None 
 Product Technical Documents
Safety Data Sheet Available on request, please Contact us
Ref. SDS_L1142 : unit price : free of charge
 Related Links
See also ITIS : Integrated Taxonomic Information System (http://www.itis.gov)
The Reptile-Database.org (http://www.reptile-database.org)
Search Bitis caudalis with
Search Bitis caudalis with PubMed
Bibliography 1. Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
2. Barts, M. 2004. DickfingergeckosPachydactylus turneri & Pachydactylus bibronii. Natur und Tier Verlag, Muenster, 61 pp.
3. Barts, Mirko 2018. Ein kleiner Reisefuehrer zu den Reptilien und Amphibien Namibias. Draco 16 (64): 6-23 [2015]
4. Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
5. Bauer, A.M., and Branch, W.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the Richtersveld National Park, Northern Cape Province, Republic of South Africa. Herpetological Natural History 8: 111-160 [2001]
6. Bauer, Aaron M.; Branch, William R. & Haacke, Wulf D. 1993. The herpetofauna of the Kamanjab area and adjacent Damaraland, Namibia. Madoqua (Windhoek) 18 (2): 117-145.
7. Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
8. Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388]
9. Broadley, D.G. 1959. The herpetology of Southern Rhodesia. Part I--the snakes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 120 (1): 1-100 [reprint 1972]
10. Broadley, D.G. 1972. The Horned Viper Bitis caudalis (A. Smith) in the Central Kalahari. Botswana Notes & Records 4: 263-264
11. Calvete, J.J.; Escolano, J.; Sanz, L. 2007. Snake venomics of bitis species reveals large intragenus venom toxin composition variation: application to taxonomy of congeneric taxa. Journal of Proteome Research 6(7):2732-2745
12. CONRADIE, W., ENGELBRECHT, H., HERREL, A., MEASEY, G.J., NIELSEN, S.V., V ANHOOYDONCK, B., & TOLLEY, K.A. 2011. Reptile survey of Venetia Limpopo Nature Reserve, Limpopo ProvinceSouth Africa. African Herp News (55): 6-12
13. Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of AfricaGiftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp.
14. Douglas, R. M. 1981. Notes on the Reproduction on the Common Horned Adder, Bitis caudalis in the Central Namib Desert. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (25): 5-6
15. Dumeril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMERIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpetologie generale ou histoire naturelle complete des reptiles. Tome septieme. Deuxieme partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536
16. Fitzsimons, V.F.M.; Brain, C.K. 1958. A Short account of the Reptiles of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park. Koedoe, 1(1): 99-104
17. Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY, 144 p..
18. Haacke, W.D. 1975. Description of a new adder (Viperidae, Reptilia) from Southern Africa, with a discussion of related forms. Cimbebasia (A) 4: 115-128.
19. Haagner, G. V. 1987. Life History Note: Bitis caudalis: Reproduction. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (33): 38-38
20. Hauke, Tobias 2018. Namibia - Eindruecke waehrend der Regenzeit Draco 16 (64): 50-59 [2015]
21. Herrmann, H. W.; Joger,U.; Lenk,P. & Wink,M. 1999. Morphological and molecular phylogenies of viperines: conflicting evidence?. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 21-30
22. Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94-115
23. Hoffmann, L. 1988. Note On The Ecology Of The Horned Adder, Bitis caudalis From Gobabeb, NamibNaukluft Park. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (35): 33-34
24. Jacobsen, N.H.G. 1986. Life History Note: Bitis caudalis: Reproduction. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (32): 38-38
25. Lenk,P.; Herrmann,H. W.; Joger,U. & Wink,M. 1999. Phylogeny and taxonomic subdivision of Bitis (Reptilia: Viperidae) based on molecular evidence. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 31-38
26. Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122
27. Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
28. Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceriaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840-2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
29. Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
30. McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Toure,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists' League, 511 pp.
31. Murray, Ian W. and Elna Irish. 2015. Bitis caudalis (horned adder) fog water harvesting. Herpetological Review 46 (2): 266
32. O'Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London,
33. Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
34. Schleicher, Alfred 2015. Reptilien Namibias. Namibia Scientific Society, 276 pp.
35. Smith, A. 1838. Contributions to the Natural History of Southern Africa. Art. VIII. Mag. Nat. Hist., London, 2 (14): 92-94
36. Smith, A. 1839. Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa, Reptilia. Smith, Elder, and Co., London
37. Smith, A. 1849. Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa. 3 (Reptiles). Smith, Elder, and Co., London [facsimile published by Winchester Press, Johannesburg, 1977]
38. Sternfeld, R. 1910. Zur Schlangenfauna Deutsch-Suedwestafrikas. Mehrere Faelle von Mimikry bei afrikanischen Schlangen. Mitt. zool. Mus. Berlin, 5: 51-60
39. Wagner, Philipp & Thomas M. Wilms 2010. A crowned devil: new species of Cerastes Laurenti, 1768 (Ophidia, Viperidae) from Tunisia, with two nomenclatural comments. Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (2): 297-306
40. Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
41. Weima, Andre 2006. Picture: Bitis caudalis. Litteratura Serpentium 26 (1): 63
42. Wittenberg, Rod D. & Robert C. Jadin & Allyson M. Fenwick & Ronald L. Gutberlet Jr. 2014. Recovering the evolutionary history of Africa's most diverse viper genus: morphological and molecular phylogeny of Bitis (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae). Org Divers Evol, DOI 10.1007/s13127-014-0185-3
Bitis caudalis
Copyright © Latoxan
Bitis caudalis
Taxonomic Classification
  • Class : Reptilia
  • Order : Squamata
  • Suborder : Serpentes
  • Family : Viperidae
  • Subfamily :  Viperinae
  • Genus :  Bitis

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