SNAKE VENOMS
Product ID L1253
Name Gloydius halys caucasicus 
Common Name(s) Caucasian pitviper
Origin Iran
Purity >99%
Form Lyophilized powder
Packaging In vacuum sealed glass vials, in secured parcel.
 Packaging and Prices

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100 mg 134.40

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 Species Protection Status
CITES None
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France None 
 Product Technical Documents
Safety Data Sheet Available on request, please Contact us
Ref. SDS_L1253 : unit price : free of charge
 Related Links
See also ITIS : Integrated Taxonomic Information System (http://www.itis.gov)
The Reptile-Database.org (http://www.reptile-database.org)
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Bibliography 1. Ananjeva N.B., Borkin L.J., Darevsky I.S. and Orlov N.L. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles. Encyclopedia of Russian nature. [In Russian] ABF, Moscow, 576 p.
2. Asadi, Atefeh; Claudine Montgelard, Masoud Nazarizadeh, Akram Moghaddasi, Faezeh Fatemizadeh, evgeniy simonov, Haji Gholi Kami & Mohammad Kaboli 2019. Evolutionary history and postglacial colonization of an Asian pit viper (Gloydius halys caucasicus) into transcaucasia revealed by phylogenetic and phylogeographic analyses. Scientific Reports 9:1224
3. Bannikov, A.G. 1958. Data on the Fauna and biology of Amphibia and Reptilia in Mongolia (Text in Russian). Bull. Moscou, Abt. Biol. 2 (63): 71-88
4. Boulenger, G. A. 1913. The snakes of Europe. Methusen & Co. Ltd, London, 151 pp.
5. Bour, R. 1993. Les voyages de Peter Simon Pallas et l'origine de Coluber halys (Serpentes Viperidae). Bull. mens. Soc. linn. Lyon, 62: 328-340.
6. Conant, Roger 1992. The type locality of Agkistrodon halys caraganus. Asiatic Herpetological Research 4: 57
7. Conant,R. 1982. Agkistrodon in Europe. Salamandra 18 (3-4): 191-195
8. Daming, Ji; Weng, Shisheng; and Liu, Migyu 1988. Classification of Agkistrodon halys in Northeast China. In Current Herpetology in East Asia, edited by M. Matsui, T. Hikida, and R.C. Goris. Proceedings of the Second Japan-China Herpetological Symposium, Kyoto, 521 pages.
9. David, P. & Vogel, G. 2015. An updated list of Asian pitvipers and a selection of recent publications, in: Visser: Asian Pitvipers. Breeding Experience & Wildlife. Frankfurt am Main, Edition Chimaira, 571pp. ISBN 978-3-89973-450-8
10. Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables
11. Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
12. Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
13. Gloyd, H. K. & R. CONANT 1990. Snakes of the Agkistrodon complex. A monographic review. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. Contributions to Herpetology No. 6. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio. vi + 614 pp; 52 pl.
14. Gloyd, H.K. 1977. Descriptions of new taxa of crotalid snakes from China and Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 90: 1002-1015
15. Gray, J. E. 1849. Catalogue of the specimens of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Edward Newman, London, i-xv; 1-125.
16. Gruber, U. 2009. Die Schlangen Europas, 2. Aufl. Kosmos Naturfuehrer, 266 pp.
17. Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
18. Hoge & ROMANO-Hoge 1981. Poisonous snakes of the world. Part I. Check list of the pit vipers, Viperoidea, Viperidae, Crotalinae. Mem. Inst. Butantan 42/43 [1978-1979]: 179-309
19. Huebers, R. & Fricke-Huebers, M. 1983. Agkistrodon halys caraganus (EICHWALD 1831) im Terrarium. Herpetofauna 5 (26): 25-27
20. HUTWALKER, A. 2017. Herpetologische Eindruecke einer Wanderreise im zentralen Elbursgebirge, Nordiran Sauria 39 (3): 25-30
21. Itoh, Masahiro; Sasaki, Motomichi; Makino, Sajiro. 1970. The chromosomes of some Japanese snakes, with special regard to sexual dimorphism. Japanese Journal of Genetics 45(2):121-128
22. Jablonski, Daniel and Daniel Koleska 2017. Molecular identification of Eremias stummeri (Squamata: Lacertidae) as a prey for Gloydius halys complex (Serpentes: Viperidae) from Kyrgyzstan Phyllomedusa 16 (1): 121-124
23. Jendretzke, N. 2001. Nachzucht der Halysotter, Gloydius halys halys (PALLAS 1776). Elaphe 9 (2): 22-24
24. Khani, Sharifeh; Haji Gholi Kami and Mehdi Rajabizadeh 2017. Geographic variation of Gloydius halys caucasicus (Serpentes: Viperidae) in Iran Zoology in the Middle East 63 (4): 303
25. Kropachev, I.I. and N.L. Orlov 2017. A new subspecies of the Halys pit viper Gloydius halys (Pallas, 1776) (Viperidae, Crotalinae) from Tuva and western Mongolia. [in Russian] Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 321 (2): 129-179
26. Liu, N., Z. SONG & W. LUO 1989. A new subspecies of Agkistrodon halys. J. Lanzhou Univ. Nat. Sci. 25: 114-117
27. Malek-Mohammadi, Abaas; Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani, Fatemeh Todehdehghan 2017. Genetic relationship between different populations of the Gloydius halys caucasicus (Nikolsky 1916) of mountainous areas of the Iran SCIREA Journal of Agriculture
28. McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Toure,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists' League, 511 pp.
29. Nikolsky, A. M. 1905. Herpetologia rossica. Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci., Phys.-Math. Classe, St. Petersbourg, XVII (1): 1-518
30. Nikolsky, A. M. 1916. Faune de la Russie, Reptiles Vol. 2, Ophidia. Petrograd, 396 pp. [English translation by A. Mercado, Israel and Smithsonian Institution, 247 pp.]
31. Nilson, G. 1983. A new subspecies of the Asiatic pit viper Agkistron halys Palla, 1776 (Serpentes, Viperidae) from Afghanista. Bonner Zoologische Beitraege 34: 469-476
32. Obst F.J. 1963. Amphibien und Reptilien aus der Mongolei. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin, 39 (2): 361-370
33. Orlov, Nikolai L. and Andrei V. Barabanov. 1999. Analysis of nomenclature, classification, and distribution of the Agkistrodon halysAgkistrodon intermedius complexes: a critical review. Russ. J. Herpetol. 6 (3): 167-192
34. Orlov, Nikolai L.;Gennady G. Boeskorov,Spiridon G. Protopopov,Prokopiy R. Nogovitsyn,Vassily E. Kolodeznikov, Marina V. Shchelchkova, Ivan Kropachev 2018. New Records and Taxonomic Position of Snakes of the Genus Gloydius Hoge et Romano-Hoge, 1983 (Crotalinae, Viperidae, Ophidia, Reptilia) in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), with Comments on Their Distribution in the Eastern Siberia and the Far East, Russ. J. Herpetol. 25 (4): 275-282
35. Orlova V.F. and Terbish Kh. 1986. Materials on the herpetofauna of the Dzungarian Gobi. [in Russian] In: E. I. Vorobjova (Ed). Herpetological research in the Mongolian People's Republic. Moscow: 91-108.
36. O'Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London,
37. Pallas, P.S. 1776. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reichs. Kais. Akad. Wiss., St. Petersburg, Vol. 3: 703
38. Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586
39. Rajabizadeh, M. 2017. Snakes of Iran. [in Farsi] Tehran: Iranshenasi, 496 pp.
40. RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
41. Schweiger, M. 1990. Gloydius halys (PALLAS, 1776) spie Gift Salamandra 26 (1): 83-84
42. Schweiger, M. 2009. Die Giftschlangen Europas. Eine UEbersicht der Arten und Bemerkungen zu einzelnen Taxa. Reptilia (Muenster) 14 (76): 14-25
43. Shi, J., Yang, D., Zhang, W. & Ding, L. 2016. Distribution and infraspecies taxonomy of Gloydius halys-Gloydius intermedius complex in China (Serpentes: Crotalinae). Chinese J. Zool. 51: 777-798
44. Shi, Jingsong; Diancheng Yang, Wuyuan Zhang, Lifang Peng, Nikolai L. Orlov, Fan Jiang, Li Ding, Mian Hou, Xinlei Huang, Song Huang, Pipeng Li 2018. A New Species of the Gloydius strauchi Complex (Crotalinae: Viperidae: Serpentes) from Qinghai, Sichuan, and Gansu, China Russ. J. Herpetol. 25 (2): 126-138
45. Simonov E.P. 2013. Sexual dimorphism and morphological variability of halys pit viper (Gloydius halys) at its northern habitat boundary. Current Studies in Herpetology 13 (3/4): 148-154
46. Simonov, Evgeniy 2009. Differences in habitat use, daily activity patterns and preferred ambient temperatures of adult and neonate Gloydius halys halys from an isolated population in southwest Siberia: preliminary data. Herpetology Notes 2: 1-7
47. Simonov, Evgeniy 2010. Unusual colour form of Siberian pit viper (Gloydius h. halys) from the northern edge of its area. Acta Herpetologica 5 (1): 87-89
48. Simonov, Evgeniy; Michael Wink 2011. Cross-amplification of microsatellite loci reveals multiple paternity in Halys pit viper (Gloydius halys). Acta Herpetologica 6 (2): 289-295
49. Simonov, Evgeniy; Wink, Michael 2012. Population genetics of the Halys pit viper (Gloydius halys) at the northern distribution limit in Siberia. Amphibia-Reptilia 33 (2): 273-283
50. Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577
51. Strauch, A. 1868. Concerning poisonous snakes distributed in Russia. [in Russian]. Trudy Perv. Siezda Russ. Yestestv. Zool., 1: 294 (also cited as Trans. First Conf. Russ. Nat., St.Petersburg, 1: 271-297)
52. Terentjev, P.V. & Chernov, S.A. 1949. Opredelitel Presmykatushchikhsya i Zemnovodnykh. [Encyclopedia of reptiles and amphibians, 2nd ed., in Russian]. Moscow
53. Trapp, Benny 2014. Europaeische Vipern. Terraria-Elaphe 2014 (3): 14-21
54. Trutnau, L. 1975. Europaische Amphibien und Reptilien. Belser Verlag, Stuttgart 212 pp.
55. Tzarevsky, S.F. [surname also translated as Carevskij, Czarevsky, Tsarewsky and Zarevskij fide Adler, 2012: 216] 1930. Zoological result of the expedition to Mongolia made by P. K. Kozlov in the years 1924-1926 Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo muzeya Akademii nauk SSSR, 31(2): 2013-2017
56. Vedmederya, Valeriy; Oleksandr Zinenko, and Andrei Barabanov 2009. An Annotated Type Catalogue of Amphibians and Reptiles in the Museum of Nature at V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University (Kharkiv, Ukraine). Russ. J. Herpetol. 16 (3): 203-212
57. Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
58. Wagner, Philipp; Tiutenko, Arthur; Mazepa, Glib; Borkin, Leo J.; Simonov, Evgeniy 2015. Alai! Alai! - a new species of the Gloydius halys (Pallas, 1776) complex (Viperidae, Crotalinae), including a brief review of the complex. Amphibia-Reptilia 37 (published 31 Dec 2015) DOI: 10.1163/15685381-00003026
59. Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
60. Wang, Xiang-jun; Zhao, Er-mi. 2006. A preliminary taxonomic status of Gloydius qinlingensis and G. liupanensis. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 25 (2):210-213. [In Chinese]
61. Winchell, S. 2003. The wide world of snakes in China. Reptilia (GB) (31): 12-21
62. Winchell, S. 2003. Die vielfaeltige Welt chinesischer Schlangen. Reptilia (Muenster) 8 (44): 20-29
63. XU, Yan; Qin LIU, Edward A MYERS, , Lian WANG, Song HUANG, Yun HE,Peihao PENG and Peng GUO 2012. Molecular Phylogeny of the Genus Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotalinae). Asian Herpetological Research 3 (2): 127-132
Gloydius halys caucasicus
Copyright © Latoxan
Gloydius halys caucasicus
Taxonomic Classification
  • Class : Reptilia
  • Order : Squamata
  • Suborder : Serpentes
  • Family : Viperidae
  • Subfamily :  Crotalinae
  • Genus :  Gloydius

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