SNAKE VENOMS
Product ID L1290
Name Lachesis muta muta 
Common Name(s) Bushmaster
Origin Peru, French Guiana, Suriname
Purity >99%
Form Lyophilized powder
Packaging In vacuum sealed glass vials, in secured parcel.
 Packaging and Prices

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100 mg 378.00

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 Species Protection Status
CITES None
EU None 
France Protected 
 Product Technical Documents
Safety Data Sheet Available on request, please Contact us
Ref. SDS_L1290 : unit price : free of charge
 Related Links
See also The UNEP-WCNC species Database (http://www.unep-wcmc.org)
ITIS : Integrated Taxonomic Information System (http://www.itis.gov)
The Reptile-Database.org (http://www.reptile-database.org)
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Search Lachesis muta (Peru) with PubMed
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2. Amaral,A. do 1926. 4.a nota de nomenclatura Ophiologica. Sobre a differenciacao dos nomes genericos Lachesis, Trimeresurus e Bothrops. Revista do Museu Paulista 14: 34-40
3. Andersson, L.G. 1899. Catalogue of Linnean type-specimens of snakes in the Royal Museum in Stockholm. [type catalogue] Bihang till Konglika Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens. Handlingar, Stockholm. 24: 1-34
4. Araujo Filho, Joao Antonio de, Cicero Ricardo De Oliveira, Robson Waldemar Avila, Igor Joventino Roberto and Waltecio De Oliveira Almeida. 2013. Lachesis muta (surucucu, Atlantic forest bushmaster) parasitism. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 692
5. Avila-Pires, Teresa C.S.; Kleiton R. Alves-Silva, Lais Barbosa, Fabricio S. Correa, Jorge F. A. Cosenza, Ana Paula V. Costa-Rodrigues, Aurea A. Cronemberger, Marinus S. Hoogmoed, Geraldo R. Lima-Filho, Adriano O. Maciel, Alexandre F. R. Missassi, Lyw 2018. Changes in Amphibian and Reptile Diversity Over Time in Parque Estadual do Utinga, a Protected Area Surrounded by Urbanization Herpetology Notes 11: 499-512
6. Barbour, Thomas 1930. The bushmaster in the Canal Zone. Bull. Antivenin Inst. America 4 (1): 11
7. Beebe, William 1946. Field notes on the snakes of Kartabo, British Guiana, and Caripito, Venezuela. Zoologica 31: 11-52
8. BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondonia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29
9. BERNARDE, Paulo Sergio; Jason de Oliveira GOMES 2012. Serpentes peconhentas e ofidismo em Cruzeiro do Sul, Alto Jurua, Estado do Acre, Brasil. Acta Amazonica 42 (1): 6572
10. Bernarde, Paulo Sergio;, Reginaldo Assencio Machado & Luiz Carlos Batista Turci 2011. Herpetofauna da area do Igarape Esperanca na Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre - Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 11 (3): 117-144
11. Boos, H.E.A. 2001. The snakes of Trinidad and Tobago. Texas A&M University Press, 270 pp.
12. Borges-Nojosa,D.M. & Lima-Verde,J.S. 1999. Geographic distribution: Lachesis muta rhombeata. Herpetological Review 30 (4): 235
13. Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
14. CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
15. Claessen, H. 2006. De Slangen van de Guyana's. Deel XI. Lacerta 64 (4): 136-146
16. Cochran, Doris M. 1961. Type specimens of reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. [type catalogue] Bull. US Natl. Mus. (220): xvi + 291 pp.
17. Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620
18. Cope, E.D. 1875. On the Batrachia and Reptilia of Costa Rica with notes on the herpetology and ichthyology of Nicaragua and Peru. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia N.S. (2) 8: 93-183 [sometimes said to be published 1876 but see Murphy et al. 2007 for clarification]]
19. Corrales, Greivin, Gomez, Aaron and Flores, Diego Alejandro 2016. Reproduction of South American Bushmaster, Lachesis muta (Serpentes: Viperidae), in captivity Herpetological Review 47 (4): 608-611
20. Cortes Gomez, Angela Maria; Anyelet Valencia Aguilar, Diana Marcela Torres Dominguez, Lina Maria Garcia Calderon, Diego Fernando Villaquiran Martinez, Andrea del Pilar Caceres Franco, Fernando Castro Herrera 2010. Guia de los anfibios y reptiles. Area en conservacion de la microcuenca Quebrada Pericos. [Valle de Cauca, Colombia]. Corporacion Autonoma Regional del Valle del Cauca, Santiago de Cali: CVC, 37 pp.
21. Daudin 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Generale et Particuliere des Reptiles, Vol. 4. F. Dufart, Paris.
22. Diaz-Ricaurte, Juan C.; S. Caroline Guevara-Molina, Sergio D. Cubides-Cubillos . 2017. Lachesis muta (Linnaeus 1766). Verrugosa, cascabel muda. Catalogo de Anfibios y Reptiles de Colombia 3 (2): 20-24
23. Duellman, W. E. 1978. The biology of an equatorial herpetofauna in Amazonian Ecuador. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 65: 1-352
24. Duellman, W. E. 2005. Cusco Amazonico: The Lives of Amphibians and Reptiles in an Amazonian Rainforest. Comstock Pub Assoc.
25. Duellman, W.E., & Salas, A.W. 1991. Annotated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Cuzco Amazonico, Peru. Occas. Papers Mus. of Natur. Hist., Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence (143): 13 pp.
26. Dumeril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMERIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpetologie generale ou histoire naturelle complete des reptiles. Tome septieme. Deuxieme partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536
27. Feio, R.N. & Caramaschi, U. 2003. Contribucao ao conhecimento da herpetofauna do nordeste do estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Phyllomedusa 1 (2): 105-111 [2002]
28. Fernandes, D.S.; Franco, F.L. & Fernandes, R. 2004. Systematic revision of the genus Lachesis DAUDIN 1803 (Serpentes: Viperidae). Herpetologica 60 (2): 245-260
29. Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030
30. Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Elbano Paschoal de Figueiredo Moraes 2018. Herpetofauna from Serra da Jiboia, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 59-72
31. Garcia,E. 1896. Los Ofidios Venenosos del Cauca. Metodos empiricos y racionales empleados contra los accidentes producidos por la mordedura de esos reptiles. Cali: Libreria Colombiana, xv + 102 pp.
32. Gasc & Rodrigues 1980. Liste preliminaire des Serpents de la Guyane francaise. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (4): 559-598
33. Gmelin, J.F. 1789. Caroli a Linne Systema naturae. 13. ed., Tom 1 Pars 3. G. E. Beer, Lipsiae. 1033-1516 pp.
34. Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
35. Guedes, Thais B.; Ricardo J. Sawaya, Alexander Zizka, Shawn Laffan, Soren Faurby, R. Alexander Pyron, Renato S. Bernils, Martin Jansen, Paulo Passos, Ana L. C. Prudente, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, Henrique B. Braz, Cristiano de C. Nogueira, Alexandre 2017. Patterns, biases and prospects in the distribution and diversity of Neotropical snakes. Global Ecol Biogeogr 00:1-8
36. Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50
37. Hoge, A.R. 1966. Preliminary account on Neotropical Crotalinae (Serpentes: Viperidae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 32 [1965]: 109-184
38. Hoge, A.R.; ROMANO, S.A.R.W.L. 1978. LACHESIS MUTA RHOMBEATA [SERPENTES: VIPERIDAE, CROTALINAE]. Mem. Inst. Butantan 40/41: 53-54 [1976-1977]
39. Latreille, P.A. 1802. In: C.N.S. Sonnini de Manoncourt and P.A. Latreille. Histoire Naturelle des Reptiles, avec Figures Dessinnees d'apres Nature. Vol. 3. Deterville, Paris [1802]
40. Leenders, Twan 1995. The snakes of Rara Avis, Costa Rica II. Pit vipers (Crotalinae). Litteratura Serpentium 15 (1): 4-12
41. Lehr, E. & Lara, J. 2002. Die Schlangenfauna von Pozuzo (Peru) (Reptilia: Serpentes). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 22 (2): 353-359
42. Liais 1872. Clim. Geol. Faune Geogr. Bresil.
43. Linne, C. von [= Linnaeus, C.] 1766. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio duodecima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, Holmiae. 1-532 pp.
44. Martinez, C. V., & BOLANOS, R. 1983. The bushmaster, Lachesis muta muta (Linnaeus) (Ophidia: Viperidae) in Panama. Revista de Biologia Tropical 30 [1982]: 100-101.
45. McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Toure,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists' League, 511 pp.
46. Monzel, Markus & Wolfgang Wuester 2008. Neotropische Grubenottern - Evolution, Biogeographie und Oekologie. Draco 8 (33): 4-27
47. Moraes LJCL, Almeida AP, Fraga R, Rojas RR, Pirani RM, Silva AAA, de Carvalho VT, Gordo M, Werneck FP 2017. Integrative overview of the herpetofauna from Serra da Mocidade, a granitic mountain range in Northern Brazil. ZooKeys 715: 103-159
48. Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotografico de identificao da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saraca-Taquera, Estado do Para. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN - Mineracao Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p.
49. Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-Gonzalez & Manuel Castelain-Fernandez 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp.
50. O'Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London,
51. Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586
52. Perez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
53. Peters , J. A. 1960. The snakes of Ecuador; check list and key. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 122: 489-541
54. RIVAS, GILSON A.; CESAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CESAR L. BAR- RIO-AMOROS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1-64
55. Roberto, Igor Joventino; Cicero Ricardo de Oliveira, Joao Antonio de Araujo Filho, Herivelto Faustino de Oliveira, Robson Waldemar Avila 2017. The herpetofauna of the Serra do Urubu mountain range: a key biodiversity area for conservation in the brazilian atlantic forest Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia 57 (27): 347-373
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57. Schinz, H. R. 1822. Das Thierreich eingetheilt nach dem Bau der Thiere als Grundlage ihrer Naturgeschichte und der vergleichenden Anatomie von dem Herrn Ritter von Cuvier. Vol. 2. J. G. Cotta, Stuttgart.
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60. Smith, H. M.; Gloyd, H. K. 1964. Nomenclatural notes on the snake names Scytale, Boa scytale, and Agkistrodon mokasen. Herpetologica 19 (4): 280-282
61. Sole, Mirco 2012. Respekt vor Giftschlangen. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (2): 46-47
62. Souza,R.C.G. de; Bhering nogueira, P.; Lima, T. & Cardoso, J.L.C. 2007. The Enigma of the North Margin of the Amazon River: Proven Lachesis Bites in Brazil, Report of Two Cases, General Considerations about the Genus and Bibliographic Review. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 42(7):105-115
63. Starace, Fausto 1998. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbenes de Guyane. IBIS Rouge Editions, Guadeloupe, Guyane, 450 pp.
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67. Vial, J. L., & JIMENEZ-PORRAS, J. M. 1967. The ecogeography of the bushmaster, Lachesis muta, in Central America. American Midland Naturalist 78: 182-187.
68. Wagler,J. 1824. Serpentum Brasiliensium species novae, ou histoire naturelle des especes nouvelles de serpens. In: Jean de Spix, Animalia nova sive species novae. [Natrix bahiensis: 27,. Monaco, Typis Franc. Seraph. Huebschmanni, vii + 75 pp.
69. Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
70. Wied-Neuwied, M. Prinz zu 1824. Abbildungen zur Naturgeschichte von Brasilien. [1822-1831] Weimar
71. Zamudio, KELLY R. & HARRY W. GREENE 1997. Phylogeography of the bushmaster (Lachesis muta: Viperidae): implications for neotropical biogeography, systematics, and conservation. Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 62 (3): 421-442
Copyright © Dr. Wolfgang Wüster
Lachesis muta muta
Taxonomic Classification
  • Class : Reptilia
  • Order : Squamata
  • Suborder : Serpentes
  • Family : Viperidae
  • Subfamily :  Crotalinae
  • Genus :  Lachesis

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