SNAKE VENOMS
Product ID L1157
Name Vipera renardi 
Common Name(s) Steppe Viper
Origin Russia
Purity >99%
Form Lyophilized powder
Packaging In vacuum sealed glass vials, in secured parcel.
 Packaging and Prices

Packaging Price (€) Quantité Buy Now
25 mg 210.00

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50 mg 378.00

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100 mg 672.00

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For quotation of big quantities, please Contact us
 Species Protection Status
CITES None
EU None 
France None 
 Product Technical Documents
Safety Data Sheet Available on request, please Contact us
Ref. SDS_L1157 : unit price : free of charge
 Related Links
See also The Reptile-Database.org (http://www.reptile-database.org)
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Search Vipera renardi with PubMed
Bibliography 1. Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
2. BAKIEV, Andrei. G., GARANIN, V. I., LITVINOV, N. A., PAVLOV, A. V. & RATNIKOV, V. Y. 2004. Snakes of Volzhsko-Kamskij Region. Samara, Samara [in Russian]. Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences Publishing, 192 pp.
3. Belik V.P. 2014. To the history of research on the amphibian and reptile fauna in the Volgograd Region. Current Studies in Herpetology 14 (1/2): 3-13.
4. Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA
5. Boulenger, G. A. 1913. The snakes of Europe. Methusen & Co. Ltd, London, 151 pp.
6. Christoph, H. 1861. Pelias renardi mihi. Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscow, 34: 599-606
7. Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables
8. Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
9. Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2003. Diversity of snakes (on the materials of the exposition of the Zoological Museum of the Moscow State University). Moscow: Moscow State University Press, 376 pp
10. Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
11. Gruber, U. 2009. Die Schlangen Europas, 2. Aufl. Kosmos Naturfuehrer, 266 pp.
12. Gvozdik, Vaclav; David Jandzik, Bogdan Cordos, Ivan Rehak, Petr Kotlik 2011. A mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of the endangered vipers of the Vipera ursinii complex. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
13. KRECSAK, L. & TOTH, T. 2005. Biting among male Steppe Vipers Vipera renardi (CHRISTOPH, 1861) [Short Note]. Herpetozoa 18: 188- 189
14. KUCHARZEWSKI, C 2011. OLD WORLD VIPERS. A natural history of the Azemiopinae and Viperinae von Tony PHELPS - Anmerkungen, Ergaenzungen, Korrekturen. Sauria 33 (3): 19-42
15. Kukuskin, Oleg V. 2009. Vipera renardi puzanovi ssp. nov. (Reptilia: Serpentes: Viperidae) as a new subspecies of steppe viper from mountain Crimea. Sovremennaya Gerpetologiya, 9(1-2) 2009: 18-40
16. Kukuskin, Oleg V. & Oleksandr I. Zinenko 2006. Morphological peculiarities and their possible bearing on the taxonomic status of the Crimean montane populations of the Steppe Viper, Vipera renardi (Christoph, 1861). Herpetologica Bonnensis II: 61-66
17. Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
18. Malenyov A.L., Gorelov R.A., Atyasheva T.N., Bakiev A.G. 2016. Venom's yield and venom's properties of eastern steppe viper Vipera renardi at different times of its seasonal activity. [in Russian] Current Studies in Herpetology, 16(3/4): 129-134
19. Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
20. McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Toure,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists' League, 511 pp.
21. MIZSEI, EDVARD; DANIEL JABLONSKI, STEPHANOS A. ROUSSOS, MARIA DIMAKI, YANNIS IOANNIDIS, GORAN NILSON & ZOLTAN T. NAGY, 2017. Nuclear markers support the mitochondrial phylogeny of Vipera ursinii-renardi complex (Squamata: Viperidae) and species status for the Greek meadow viper Zootaxa 4227 (1): 075-088
22. Nilson, G., Andren, C. 2001. The meadow and steppe vipers of Europe and Asia - the Vipera (Acridophaga) ursinii complex. Acta Zool. Acad. Scien. Hung. 47: 87-267.
23. Nilson,G.; ANDREN,C. & JOGER,U. 1993. A re-evaluation of the taxonomic status of the Moldavian steppe viper based on immunological investigations, with a discussion of the hypothesis of secondary intergradation between Vipera ursinii rakosiensis and Vipera (ursinii) renardi. Amphibia-Reptilia 14: 45-57
24. Nilson,G.; TUNIYEV,B.; ANDREN,C. & ORLOV,N. 1999. Vipers of Caucasus: Taxonomic considerations. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 103-106
25. Olivier, R. 2008. Kleine gifslangengalerij. Lacerta 66 (1-3): 47-57
26. Orlov,N.L. & B.S. Tuniyev. 1990. Three Species in the Vipera kaznakowi Complex (Eurosiberian Group) in the Caucasus: Their Present Distribution, Possile Genesis, and Phylogeny. Asiatic Herpetological Research 3: 1-36.
27. Ostrovskikh, Sergei V. 2006. Morphological variability of Eastern Meadow ViperVipera (Pelias) renardi in the north-western Caucasus. Modern Herpetology 5/6:61-70.
28. Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
29. Schweiger, M. 2009. Die Giftschlangen Europas. Eine Uebersicht der Arten und Bemerkungen zu einzelnen Taxa. Reptilia (Muenster) 14 (76): 14-25
30. Tabachishina, I. E., V. G. Tabachishin and G. V. Shlyakhtin. 2007. On revision of the northern boundary of the Vipera renardi habitat in the Volga region. Povolzhskiy Journal of Ecology 2007(3):271-277
31. Tuniyev, B.; Nilson, G. & Andren, C. 2010. A new species of viper (Reptilia, Viperidae) from the Altay and Saur Mountains, Kazakhstan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 110-120
32. Tuniyev, S. B.; N. Orlov, B. Tuniyev, A. Kidov 2013. On the Taxonomical Status of Steppe Viper from Foothills of the South Macroslope of the East Caucasus. Russ. J. Herpetol. 20 (2): 129-146
33. Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
34. Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams, Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
35. Wettstein, Otto vor. 1953. Vipera renardi aus Persien. Zool. Anz. 150 (11/12): 266-268
36. Zinenko, Oleksandr; Nikolaus Stuempel, Lyudmila Mazanaeva, Andrey Bakiev, Konstantin Shiryaev, Aleksey Pavlov, Tatiana Kotenko, Oleg Kukushkin, Yury Chikin, Tatiana Dujsebayeva, Goran Nilson, Nikolai L. Orlov, Sako Tuniyev, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Robert 2015. Mitochondrial phylogeny shows multiple independent ecological transitions and northern dispersion despite of Pleistocene glaciations in meadow and steppe vipers (Vipera ursinii and Vipera renardi). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 85-100; doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.12.005
Vipera renardi
Copyright © Latoxan
Vipera renardi
Taxonomic Classification
  • Class : Reptilia
  • Order : Squamata
  • Suborder : Serpentes
  • Family : Viperidae
  • Subfamily :  Viperinae
  • Genus :  Vipera

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