Product ID L1264
Name Sistrurus catenatus 
Common Name(s) Eastern Massasauga
Origin USA
Purity >99%
Form Lyophilized powder
Packaging In vacuum sealed glass vials, in secured parcel.
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10 mg 23.20

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25 mg 280.12

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50 mg 504.22

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100 mg 896.40

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2. Allender, M. C., R. E. Junge, S. Baker-Wylie, E. T. Hileman, L. J. Faust, and C. Cray. 2015. Plasma electrophoretic profiles in the eastern massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) and influences of age, sex, year, location, and snake fungal disease. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 46:767-773
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17. Bradke, Danielle R.; Robyn L. Bailey, Jeffrey F. Bartman, Henry Campa, Eric T. Hileman, Caleb Krueger, Nathan Kudla, Yu Man Lee, Arin J. Thacker, and Jennifer A. Moore 2018. Sensitivity Analysis Using Site-Specific Demographic Parameters to Guide Research and Management of Threatened Eastern Massasaugas Copeia Dec 2018, Vol. 106, No. 4: 600-610.
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26. Crother, B. et al. 2011. Case 3571: Crotalinus catenatus Rafinesque, 1818 (currently Sistrurus catenatus) and Crotalus tergeminus Say in James, 1822 (currently Sistrurus tergeminus; Reptilia, Serpentes): proposed conservation of usage by designation of neotypes for both spec Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 68: 271-274
27. Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
28. Crother, Brian I.; Jay M. Savage; Andrew T. Holycross 2012. Comment on the proposed conservation of Crotalinus catenatus Rafinesque, 1818 (currently Sistrurus catenatus) and Crotalus tergeminus (currently Sistrurus tergeminus; Reptilia, Serpentes) by designation of neotypes for both species (Case 3571: see BZ Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 69 (1): 2 pages
29. Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
30. DeGregorio, Brett A.; Brian J. Putman, and Bruce A. Kingsbury 2011. Which Habitat Selection Method is Most Applicable to Snakes? Case Studies of the Eastern Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) and Eastern Fox Snake (Pantherophis gloydi). Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (3)
31. DeGregorio, Brett A.; Michael Ravesi, Jinelle H. Sperry, Sasha J. Tetzlaff, Jillian Josimovich, Monica Matthews, and Bruce A. Kingsbury 2018. Daily and Seasonal Activity Patterns of the Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus): An Automated Radio-telemetry Study Herp. Cons. Biol. 13 (1): 10-16
32. DeGregorio, Brett A; Jennifer V Manning, Nicholas Bieser, and Bruce A Kingsbury 2010. The Spatial Ecology of the Eastern Massasauga (Sistrurus c. catenatus) in Northern Michigan. Herpetologica 67 (1): 71-79.
33. Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
34. Dumeril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMERIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpetologie generale ou histoire naturelle complete des reptiles. Tome septieme. Deuxieme partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536
35. Eavans, Philip D.;Gloyd, Howard K. 1948. The subspecies of the massasauga, Sistrurus catenatus, in Missouri. Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences 8 (9): 225-232
36. Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America. George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
37. Foster, Mellissa A.; Kristin M. Bissell, Henry Campa III, and Tara Myers Harrison. 2009. The Influence of Reproductive Status on Thermal Ecology and Vegetation Use of Female Eastern Massasauga Ratlesnakes (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) in Southwestern Michigan. Herp. Cons. Biol. 4: 48-54
38. Garman,Samuel 1884. The reptiles and batrachians of North America. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool, Cambridge (Massachusetts), 8 (3): xxxiv + 185 pp. [1883] [CNAH reprint 10]
39. Gibbs, H.L. & Weatherhead, P.J. 2001. Insights into population ecology and sexual selection in snakes through the application of DNA-based genetic markers. Journal of Heredity 92 (2): 173-179
40. Gibbs, H.L.; Prior, K.A.; Parent, C. 1998. Characterization of DNA microsatellite loci from a threatened snake, the eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus c. catenatus) and their use in population studies. Journal of Heredity 89:169-173
41. Harvey, Daniel S.; Andrew M. Lentini, Karen Cedar, and Patrick J. Weatherhead 2014. Moving Massasaugas: Insight into Rattlesnake Relocation using Sistrurus c. catenatus. Herp. Cons. Biol. 9 (1):
42. Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
43. Hileman, E. T., D. R. Bradke, D. M. Delaney, and R. B. King. 2015. Protection by association: implications of scent trailing in neonate eastern massasaugas (Sistrurus catenatus). Herp. Cons. Biol. 10: 654-660
44. Hileman, E.T., Vecchiet, J. & King, R.B. 2017. Sistrurus catenatus (Eastern Massasauga) Dicephalism. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 685-686.
45. Hobert, Justin;Boback, Scott;Montgomery, Chad;bergman, Enoch;Hill, Ben; Mackessy, Stephen P. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii. Herpetological Review 28 (1): 52-53
46. Holycross, A.T. 2003. Desert Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii). Herpetofauna of the 100 Mile Circle. Sonoran Herpetologist 16 (5):30-32.
47. Holycross, Andrew T.; Thomas G. Anton, Michael E. Douglas, and Darrel R. Frost 2008. The Type Localities of Sistrurus catenatus and Crotalus viridis (Serpentes: Viperidae), with the Unraveling of a Most Unfortunate Tangle of Names. Copeia 2008 (2): 421-424
48. Hoser, R. 2009. A reclassification of the rattlesnakes; species formerly exclusively referred to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 3: 1-21
49. ICZN 2013. OPINION 2328 (Case 3571) Crotalinus catenatus Rafinesque, 1818 (currently Sistrurus catenatus) and Crotalus tergeminus Say in James, 1822 (currently Sistrurus tergeminus; Reptilia, Serpentes): usage conserved by designation of neotypes for both speci Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 70 (4): 282-283
50. Johnson, Glenn and Donald J. Leopold 1998. Habitat Management for the Eastern Massasauga in a Central New York Peatland. The Journal of Wildlife Management 62 (1): 84-97
51. Josimovich, J; Matthews, M; Kingsbury, B & Ravesi, M 2018. Sistrurus catenatus (Eastern Massasauga) Defensive behavior Herpetological Review 49 (2): 355
52. King, R., C. Berg and B. Hay 2004. A repatriation study of the Eastern Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) in Wisconsin. Herpetologica 60 (4):429-437
53. King, Richard B.; Oldham, Michael J.; Weller, Wayne F.; Wynn, Douglas. 1997. Historic and current amphibian and reptile distributions in the Island Region of Western Lake Erie. American Midland Naturalist 138(1):153-173
54. Kubatko, L.S.; Gibbs, H.L. & Bloomquist, E.W. 2011. Inferring Species-Level Phylogenies and Taxonomic Distinctiveness Using Multilocus Data in Sistrurus Rattlesnakes. Systematic Biology 60 (4):393-409
55. LeClere, Jeff;Blasus, Randy 1994. Snakes of Minnesota: Eastern massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus). Newsletter of the Minnesota Herpetological Society 14 (9): 16-18
56. Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2016. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico, with comparison with adjoining states. ZooKeys 593: 117-137, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.593.8484
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59. Mackessy, Stephen P.;Hobert, Justin;Donoho, Ron;Montgomery, Chad;Waldron, Kevin 1996. Geographic Distribution. Sistrurus catenatus. Herpetological Review 27 (1): 36
60. Marshall Jr., John C.; Jennifer V. Manning; Bruce A. Kingsbury 2006. Movement and macrohabitat selection of the eastern massasauga in a fen habitat. Herpetologica 62 (2): 141-150
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63. McCluskey, Eric M. and David Bender 2015. Genetic Structure of Western Massasauga Rattlesnakes (Sistrurus catenatus tergeminus) Journal of Herpetology Sep 2015, Vol. 49, No. 3: 343-348.
64. McCoy, C. J. 1975. Notes on Oklahoma Reptiles. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Sciences 55: 53-54
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68. Nevarez-de-los-Reyes, Manuel, David Lazcano, Eli Garcia-Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The Herpetofauna of Nuevo León, Mexico: Composition, Distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 558-638
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73. Pilgrim, Melissa A; Terence M Farrell, Peter G May, Marcus. R Vollman, and Richard A Seigel 2011. Secondary Sex Ratios in Six Snake Species. Copeia 2011 (4): 553-558.
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76. Ravesi, Michael J., Michael J. Forzley, Sasha J. Tetzlaff, Bruce A. Kingsbury and Jenna M. Parker. 2015. Sistrurus catenatus (massasauga) diet. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 454
77. Ravesi, Michael J., Sasha J. Tetzlaff and Bruce A. Kingsbury. 2015. Sistrurus catenatus (massasauga) overwintering. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 454
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96. Tetzlaff, Sasha James; Matthew Allender, Michael Ravesi, Joseph Smith, Bruce Kingsbury 2015. First report of snake fungal disease from Michigan, USA involving Massasaugas, Sistrurus catenatus (Rafinesque 1818) Herpetology Notes 8: 31-33
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101. Wastell, Andrew R and Stephen P Mackessy 2011. Spatial Ecology and Factors Influencing Movement Patterns of Desert Massasauga Rattlesnakes (Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii) in Southeastern Colorado. Copeia 2011 (1): 29-37
102. Welchert, Darrin M. and Mark S. Mills. 2014. Sistrurus catenatus tergeminus (western massasauga) reproduction. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 147-148
103. Werler, John E. & James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
104. Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Suedwestens. Draco 13 (50): 18-60
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106. Woodburne, Michael O. 1956. Notes on the snake, Sistrurus catenatus tereminus, in southwestern Kansas and Northwestern Oklahoma. Copeia 1956 (2): 125-126
Copyright © Dr. Wolfgang Wüster
Sistrurus catenatus
Taxonomic Classification
  • Class : Reptilia
  • Order : Squamata
  • Suborder : Serpentes
  • Family : Viperidae
  • Subfamily :  Crotalinae
  • Genus :  Sistrurus

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